Этнические аспекты употребления психоактивных веществ

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Осколкова С.Н., Яковлева М.В. Этнические аспекты употребления психоактивных веществ // Российский психиатрический журнал. 2019. №4. С. 50-59.

Аннотация

В научном обзоре проанализированы 44 отечественные и 16 зарубежных научных работ, опубликованных за последние 25 лет, отражающих этнический аспект употребления психоактивных веществ (распространённость, социальные и биологические факторы развития зависимости, пути получения). Приведены социокультуральные и биологические факторы возникновения зависимости от психоактивных веществ, а также отдельные эпидемиологические данные. Рассмотрен этнический аспект зависимости от указанных веществ в сопоставлении с возрастом, национальностью и местом жительства. Сделан вывод, что сравнительный анализ употребления психоактивных веществ в разных этнических группах должен основываться на междисциплинарных данных разных исторических периодов в рамках нескольких прицельных обзоров.


Ключевые слова этнонаркология; зависимость от наркотиков; нейрохимические механизмы; аддикция

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/1560-957X-2019-11936

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