Гендерные различия социально-коммуникативных навыков и эмоциональных реакций при расстройствах аутистического спектра

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Рекомендуемое оформление библиографической ссылки:

Филиппова Н.В., Барыльник Ю.Б., Сизов С.В. Гендерные различия социально-коммуникативных навыков и эмоциональных реакций при расстройствах аутистического спектра // Российский психиатрический журнал. 2014. №4. С. 38-43.

Аннотация

Согласно современным эпидемиологическим данным, у лиц мужского пола расстройства аутистического спектра (РАС) наблюдаются в 4 раза чаще, чем у женщин. Все больше исследований, сосредоточенных на изучении РАС в женской популяции, ставит под сомнение предположение о гендерной инвариабельности аутистических расстройств. Клинические наблюдения показывают, что женщины с РАС демонстрируют лучшие социальнокоммуникативные навыки и эмоциональные реакции, чем мужчины с аутистическими расстройствами, что может маскировать другие проявления расстройства. Это объясняет более редкую диагностику РАС у лиц женского пола.

Ключевые слова расстройства аутистического спектра; гендерные различия; социально-коммуникативные навыки; эмоциональность; дружеские отношения

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