Исправительная психиатрия: модель качественно ориентированной практики

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Кэмерон К., Гулати С. Исправительная психиатрия: модель качественно ориентированной практики // Российский психиатрический журнал. 2017. №5. С. 24-30.

Аннотация

Распространенность тяжелых психических расстройств в популяции заключенных, содержащихся в исправительных учреждениях, значительно выше, чем в общей популяции населения. За последние 50–60 лет проведение деинституциализации психиатрических больниц в Северной Америке совпало со значительным ростом численности заключенных на душу населения. Трагедия заключается в том, что в настоящее время в нашей системе исправительных учреждений находится больше людей с тяжелыми психическими расстройствами, чем в психиатрических учреждениях. В настоящей статье рассматриваются данные о взаимосвязи между психическим расстройством и совершением правонарушений, а также криминогенные факторы риска и примеры качественной работы по медико-социальной реабилитации правонарушителей. Особое внимание уделено модели работы психиатра по выявлению риска развития криминального поведения заключенных и изучения их потребностей, а также другим моделям, которые могут быть использованы при медико-социальной реабилитации заключенных.

Ключевые слова Психиатрия; Медицина; Психология; Организация здравоохранения

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