Экспериментальные модели формирования физической зависимости от алкоголя

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Проскурякова Т.В., Шохонова В.А., Шамакина И.Ю. Экспериментальные модели формирования физической зависимости от алкоголя // Российский психиатрический журнал. 2021. №4. С. 80-92.

Аннотация

В научном обзоре с целью анализа современных экспериментальных подходов к изучению биологических основ алкогольной болезни рассматриваются основные стратегии создания моделей физической зависимости от алкоголя на животных: принудительное потребление алкоголя, «свободный выбор», оперантные модели самовведения, компульсивный поиск и потребление алкоголя на фоне «наказания». Описано влияние различных типов воздействия алкоголя (спиртосодержащая диета, пары этанола, пероральное введение алкоголя), генотипа и возраста животных на формирование экспериментальной алкогольной зависимости. Обсуждаются преимущества и ограничения различных методологических подходов при проведении трансляционных исследований алкогольной зависимости.

Ключевые слова алкоголь; зависимость; компульсивно-подобное поведение; абстинентный синдром

Литература

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.47877/1560-957Х-2021-10409

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