Актуальные проблемы изучения антенатальных эффектов психоактивных веществ

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Анохина И.П., Арзуманов Ю.Л., Шамакина И.Ю., Хохлова В.Н., Березина И.Ю., Горецкая Т.А. Актуальные проблемы изучения антенатальных эффектов психоактивных веществ // Российский психиатрический журнал. 2021. №6. С. 77-87.

Аннотация

В научном обзоре с целью выяснения последствий антенатального воздействия психоактивных веществ рассмотрены современные представления о механизмах дисфункции центральной нервной системы, снижения когнитивных способностей, дефицита внимания и гиперактивности, психосоматических расстройств у детей матерей, употреблявших алкоголь или наркотики во время беременности. Один из важнейших вопросов связан с выяснением риска злоупотребления алкоголем и наркотиками подростками с антенатальной интоксикацией психоактивными веществами. В настоящем обзоре освещены основные проблемы и сложности, с которыми сталкиваются исследователи в эксперименте и клинической практике, намечаются возможные пути их преодоления.

Ключевые слова психоактивные вещества; антенатальные эффекты; алкоголь; героин; беременность; мозг; поведение

Литература

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.47877/1560-957Х-2021-10609

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