Ключевая роль «самости» и метакогнитивных процессов в саморегуляции

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Самылкин Д.В., Ткаченко А.А. Ключевая роль «самости» и метакогнитивных процессов в саморегуляции // Российский психиатрический журнал. 2022. №2. С. 15-25.

Аннотация

В проблемной статье с целью проведения анализа феномена «самости», его роли в саморегуляции прослежены сложившиеся представления о нём в различных областях знаний (философии, нейрофеноменологии, психопатологии) и во многом перекликающиеся друг с другом. Его уровневая структура с выделением предрефлексивного «Я» и самосознания тесным образом связана с интенциональностью психики и прогностическими процессами. Показано, что нарушения «самости» описываются при шизофрении и расстройствах личности, обусловливая трудности их дифференциальной диагностики. Ведущая роль метакогнитивных процессов и их «общепсихологического эквивалента» рефлексии в регуляции self-процессов определяет необходимость их изучения применительно к задачам судебно-психиатрической экспертизы. Использование с этой целью нейрофеноменологического подхода, объединяющего нейрональный и психологический уровни регуляции self-процессов, позволит подойти к естественно-научному обоснованию юридически значимых критериев.

Ключевые слова саморегуляция; «самость»; шизофрения; расстройство личности; нейрофеноменология

Литература

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.47877/1560-957Х-2022-10202

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