Построение общей модели саморегуляции в судебной психиатрии. Сообщение 4. Ситуация: воспоминание о будущем

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Ткаченко А.А., Демидова Л.Ю. Построение общей модели саморегуляции в судебной психиатрии. Сообщение 4. Ситуация: воспоминание о будущем // Российский психиатрический журнал. 2020. №1. С. 27-41.

Аннотация

В научном обзоре с целью рассмотрения роли ситуации в регуляции поведения приводятся представления об анализе личностно-ситуационного взаимодействия. Показано, что попытки классификации и типологизации ситуаций сопряжены с большими трудностями, поскольку восприятие конкретных обстоятельств очень изменчиво и различается не только между людьми, но даже у одного субъекта в разное время. Субъективность понимания ситуации, ее личностное осмысление определяется уникальным опытом взаимодействия со средой, закрепленным в памяти человека. Опыт, приобретенный на протяжении жизни, определяет гипотезы, которые субъект будет строить о мире, и его прогнозы в конкретных обстоятельствах о возможных исходах той или иной ситуации. Правильность восприятия мира заключается не в объективности его отражения, а в успешной адаптации к нему, точности сделанных прогнозов. Рассмотренные в статье идеи являются основой для проведения феноменологического анализа с опорой на данные нейронаук.

Ключевые слова ситуация, энактивизм, среда, опыт, регуляция, прогнозирование

Литература

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/1560-957X-2020-12003

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