Концепции уровневого нарушения регулятивных процессов при шизофрении: от вероятностного прогнозирования к прогностическому кодированию

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Самылкин Д.В., Ткаченко А.А. Концепции уровневого нарушения регулятивных процессов при шизофрении: от вероятностного прогнозирования к прогностическому кодированию // Российский психиатрический журнал. 2020. №5. С. 34-46.

Аннотация

В научном обзоре с целью анализа научных представлений о закономерностях протекания регулятивных процессов при шизофрении прослежены различные патогенетические теории шизофрении – от попыток выделения «основного расстройства» до современных нейробиологических концепций. Показано, что в качестве основного звена в механизме развития психопатологической симптоматики, нейрофизиологических и патопсихологических феноменов (проявляющегося на разных уровнях организации психических процессов) может рассматриваться нарушение актуализации предыдущего опыта.

Ключевые слова саморегуляция; когнитивные нарушения; дизрегуляция салиенса; вероятностное прогнозирование; сопутствующий разряд; эфферентная копия; прогностическое кодирование; дисконнекция

Литература

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/1560-957Х-2020-10504

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